Singapore HITROLE GAU-19A 12.7mm
HITROLE GAU-19A 12.7mm is a modern electrically operated naval weapon system for policing operations and countering asymmetric threats. It can be easily operated by a single operator through a Remote Control Console and joystick or it can be controlled by the ship’s combat Management System.
Final Customer: Singapore Navy
Project: Reliability and Maintenance Analysis
Description: Z Lab produced RAMT documentation, as Reliability Analysis and Maintainability Analysis, for the HITROLE GAU-19A 12.7mm System.
The RAMS is a long-term characteristic of a system and is obtained by the application of data, concepts, methods, techniques and tools of engineering during the system lifecycle (EN 50126). It is defined as a quality and quantity indicator of the system degree, regarding to the system function and to the availability.RAMS is the acronym of Reliability Availability Maintainability, Safety.
Reliability is the probability that an item can perform a required function under given conditions for a given time interval n(t1 –t2).
Availability is the ability of a product to be in state to perform a required function under given conditions at a given instant of time or over a given time interval assuming that the required external resources are provided.
Maintainability is the probability that a given active maintenance action for an item under given conditions of use can be carried out within a stated time interval when the maintenance is performed under stated conditions and using procedures and resources.
Safety is defined as freedom from unaccettable risk of harm.
This analysis are in according to Military Standards.
Reliability prediction is a method to calculate the constant failure rate during the system life time. The reliability predictions is conducted at various system levels and detail’s degrees. It is based, on a system decomposition as tree that is called WBS (Work Breakdown Structure), in order to identify the major components and assign to each of them a failure rate, in accordance with the standard NPRD-2011 (mechanical parts) and MIL-HDBK-217F Notice 2 or Siemens 29500 (electriconic parts). The basic failure rate of the system is calculated by summing up the failure rates of each component in each category multiplied by their quantity (based on probability theory). This is applied under the assumption that a failure of any component is assumed could lead to a system failure. This model assumes that the component failure rate under reference or operating conditions is constant. The failure rate of the electonic items can be calculated:
- at reference conditions (parts count method);
- at operating conditions (parts stress method).
In the part-count method, the failure rate is calculated by appropriate databases that provide the basic failure rate value relative to the component operating environment. The Part-Stress method required detailed information such as: type of technology, year of manufacture, junction temperature, stress factors, thermal expansion characteristics, number of thermal cycles, thermal amplitude of variation, application of the device, etc.. It is also possible evaluate the mission reliability prediction. This analysis can be done after the FMECA analysis : through the FMECA is possible to analyze the failure modes and the percentage of occurrence of each failure mode. In this way it is possible to identify the critical components of the system.
Two Maintainability Analysis types exist: Preventive Maintenance Analysis and Corrective Maintenance Analysis. The main purpose of Preventive Maintenance Analysis is to evaluate the maintenance plan that allows to implement all necessary actions in order to prevent the occurrence of faults, through the planned replacement of components subject to wear, or maintenance tasks to ensure the correct system operation (periodic cleaning, functional test, periodic visual inspection…). Corrective Maintenance Analysis has the primary aim to define the corrective actions necessary to restore the nominal conditions of system operation, through the replacement of LRU (Line Reparable Unit) failed. The maintenance analysis provides information in terms of human resources, time and material (spare parts and equipment required for maintenance), through:
- The evaluation of MTTR (Mean Time To Restore): it is the mean time for the maintenance operation considered;
- Compilation of preventive and corrective maintenance schedules: these schedules support to writing of the technical manual for the maintainers, that describe in detail the maintenance operation;
- Definition of the spare parts type and quantity: it is a spare parts list that have to be in depot, in order to minimize the maintenance downtimes.
The analysis of corrective and preventive maintenance times must be evaluated considering isolation time, localization, accessibility, component replacement, component assembly and functional check in accordance to MIL-HDBK-472.